fertilizerWhat you need:

Composing materials (plant residues, animal manure)

Compost fungus activator, CFA (Trichoderma harzanium)

1 kilogram CFA per 100 kilogram composting materials

1.5 meters bamboo (with pierced internodes)

Sieve (2.5 centimeters in diameter, opening size)

Plastic bags for packaging


What you will do:

  1. Identify a sloping, shaded site for composting.  Create a ditch around the site to avoid waterlogged condition.
  2. Set up the organic materials in layers.  Pile the plant residue (such as rice straw or sawdust) and animal (chicken or goat) manure at a ratio of 3:1.  Spread the CFA on the pile.  Repeat the layers until the pile reaches a height of 1` meter.  Install the bamboo breather at the center of the pile.
  3. Water the pile to enhance the growth of Trichoderma and lower the temperature during decomposition.  Cover the pile with sack (or plastic).
  4. After two weeks, turn the pile to even up the decomposition.  The materials on top should be place at the bottom and vice versa.  Successive turning is done every week afterwards.
  5. After two to three months, whe the pile has finally become black or brown in color and the original materials are no longer recognizable, the compost is ready for harvesting.
  6. Sun-dry the compost for two days to kill the pathogenic microorganisms and to lower the moisture content.  After drying, pass the compost through the sieve to remove extraneous materials.
  7. Pack the compost in plastic bags.

Source:  Carl B. Monterey. 

Photo courtesy: ggpht